夏季上吐下泻,急性肠胃炎可能是食物中毒!到底有哪些你还在食用

  • 日期:07-16
  • 点击:(1819)

胜博发123手机版官网

e8df979ee952464b88ce92a9067b16f2

Food poisoning refers to non-infectious acute and subacute diseases that occur after ingesting foods containing biological or chemical toxic substances or taking toxic and hazardous substances as food. In fact, it refers to food pollution and poisoning, referred to as food poisoning, is the most common food-borne disease.

f45026725f2941c6a04aaadddf6803e9

At the beginning of the summer, the temperature gradually rises, which is very suitable for the growth and reproduction of microorganisms. When many kinds of microorganisms in the air come into contact with the food exposed to the air, they will start to multiply, and some even produce toxins. When we eat these foods that have been contaminated with bacteria, we may have headaches, fever, mild diarrhea or vomiting.

There are five main types of food poisoning:

d86e17ccb1bd4af6920bb684374c4b9c

1. Bacterial food poisoning

Refers to non-infectious acute and subacute diseases that occur after the body has ingested food contaminated with bacteria or bacterial toxins. It is the most common type of food poisoning. Among them, food poisoning caused by Salmonella, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Proteus and Staphylococcus is the most common. Specific examples are as follows:

1 If the raw eggs infected with Salmonella are not fully heated and cooked (eg, fried eggs), the remaining Salmonella may cause Salmonella food poisoning;

2 The leftover rice that has not been placed in the refrigerator in summer is easily infected by staphylococcus in the air. If it is not thoroughly heated before consumption, it is prone to staphylococcal food poisoning.

5183a95a4a7b416dad65c855cb6eb0c5

2. Food poisoning caused by fungi and toxins

xx它主要包括真菌体内中毒(如毒蘑菇中毒)和霉菌毒素(如黄曲霉毒素)中毒。毒蘑菇中毒的情况并不常见,但中毒的死亡率非常高。以下三个技巧教你如何识别有毒蘑菇:1种颜色异常华丽2伞盖触摸粘,伞柄有蕈或蕈圈3大多生长在腐烂或粪便,没有蠕虫,热,苦,如刺激性气味,酸性或气味,在破碎后很容易变色或流出乳状果汁。预防有毒蘑菇中毒的最佳方法是不要吃野生蘑菇。

5dbab6d6e49a43ef87bb7f09688ed11a

3.动物性食物引起的中毒

动物有毒食物主要包括河豚鱼,瘫痪贝类,蜗牛和含有肉毒鱼的鱼类。河豚鱼的有毒成分是河豚毒素。中毒后,有手指,嘴唇,舌头,四肢肌肉,呼吸麻痹等症状,严重者可导致血液循环衰竭;瘫痪贝类中所含的寄生毒素同一中毒者会出现神经肌肉麻痹等现象;蜗牛中有一种非蛋白质麻痹神经毒素,可以阻碍中毒者的神经传导信号;鲨鱼,梭鱼,鱿鱼,鱿鱼,鱿鱼,章鱼等。鱼中有肉毒杆菌毒素,中毒者有口渴,麻木,呕吐,腹痛和肌肉无力等症状。

86bf321bbc2d453da1c7c96301e83c3b

4.有毒植物中毒

有毒植物主要指植物中含有的某些毒素或由于性状的变化,特别是那些我们通常消耗较多的毒素,如青豆,芸豆和发芽的土豆。

第一类植物天然有毒成分是糖苷。主要存在于绿豆和大豆中;除皂苷外,还有氰甙和芥子苷。生氰甙主要存在于某些豆类,核果和梨果以及木薯根中。芥菜籽主要存在于十字花科蔬菜中,如卷心菜,萝卜,洋葱,大蒜和其他植物。

第二类植物天然有毒成分是生物碱。通常包括茄碱和秋水仙碱,也称为茄碱(或龙葵碱),其存在于茄子和马铃薯等茄子的可食用部分中;秋水仙碱主要存在于黄花菜等植物中。

第三类植物天然有毒成分是有毒植物蛋白。例如,大豆,芸豆和扁豆中含有红细胞凝集素;存在于蓖麻籽和蓖麻油中的蓖麻毒素;和大豆和谷物中存在的胰蛋白酶抑制剂。

2070e54667e94d91b38fe8e726ea4dd5

5.化学食物中毒

化学食物中毒是指通过口服摄入正常量但感觉没有异常,但含有某种“化学毒物”食物的健康人。与食物一起进入人体的“化学毒物”将导致我们的身体组织和器官受到损害,破坏正常的生理功能,并导致功能性或器质性病变的急性中毒。化学毒物包括一些有毒金属及其化合物,农药等。常见的化学食物中毒,如食物中毒引起的有机磷,亚硝酸盐食物中毒,砷引起的食物中毒,食物中毒引起的重金属积累。